Course Descriptions

Expand your CONVERGE expertise at the 2022 Global CONVERGE User Conference! We’re offering a wide selection of CONVERGE training courses on topics ranging from modeling IC engines and gas turbines to pumps, compressors, and electromobility. In addition, check out our new course What’s New in CONVERGE 3.1 to learn about the exciting features and enhancements in the latest major release of our software.

Monday, September 19

Rigid-body fluid-structure interaction (FSI) modeling describes how the presence of immersed objects affects the flow field and how the forces from the surrounding fluid influence the dynamics of the object. CONVERGE can simulate both rigid-body FSI and non-rigid-body 1D beam deformation. In this session we will discuss the theory behind FSI, the numerics of the dynamics solver, and the coupling of the dynamics solver to the flow solver. We will consider several examples of FSI modeling in CONVERGE, including a two-cylinder compressor with spring-loaded valves, a pressure-relief ball valve, beam deformation under fluid forces, and a wastegate valve. We will also discuss options for performing coupled FSI simulations with third-party software, such as Abaqus, which enables simulating more complex deforming bodies (e.g., vortex-induced beam vibration or reed valve petals). This session does not include hands-on CONVERGE Studio practice.
PREREQUISITES
Introduction to CONVERGE (or equivalent introductory CONVERGE training course)

CONVERGE Studio contains powerful tools for cleaning geometries with significant problems. In this workshop, we will discuss the advantages and limitations of several of these tools, focusing on the Coarsen, Boolean, Surface Healing, and Surface Wrapper tools. The Coarsen tool can be used to reduce the number of triangles in a geometry, which may be useful when working with a large geometry. The Boolean tool can perform Boolean operations including union, intersection, or difference. The Surface Healing tool, which was requested by many clients, can fix a variety of geometry problems at the click of a button. Finally, the Surface Wrapper tool can create watertight models by wrapping the existing geometry to create a new surface. This session includes hands-on CONVERGE Studio practice.
PREREQUISITES
Introduction to CONVERGE (or equivalent introductory CONVERGE training course)

CONVERGE can model both CFD and solid heat transfer in the same simulation, making it straightforward to predict the temperatures in solids that are dependent on fluid interfaces, e.g., heads and valves in engines. This course will discuss conjugate heat transfer modeling in CONVERGE, including time control methods such as super-cycling, which accounts for disparate timescales in the solid and fluid domains by allowing the solid side of the simulation to progress with faster timescales than on the fluid side of the simulation. We will also discuss valve/seat contact resistance in engines, which is critical to accurate prediction of valve and head temperatures. This session includes hands-on CONVERGE Studio practice.
PREREQUISITES
Introduction to CONVERGE (or equivalent introductory CONVERGE training course)

This course offers a hands-on introduction to CONVERGE for Urea/SCR engine aftertreatment modeling. We will discuss urea decomposition and hydrolysis to ammonia, and we will describe how to set up urea-water spray modeling in CONVERGE. In addition, we will discuss Kuhnke and Bai-Gosman wall interaction models, various phenomena that can lead to urea deposit formation (e.g., filming, rebounding, stripping, and separating), and the application of conjugate heat transfer modeling to obtain accurate wall temperatures. We will discuss aftertreatment system surface chemistry components, such as SCR, DOC, TWC, LNT, and DPF/GPF, which can be solved directly with CONVERGE or via coupling with GT-SUITE. This course will include sample cases for practical Urea/SCR systems as well as validation cases. Finally, we will discuss solution acceleration approaches, which allow CONVERGE to simulate timescales necessary for film and deposit evaluation. This session includes hands-on CONVERGE Studio practice.
PREREQUISITES
Introduction to CONVERGE (or equivalent introductory CONVERGE training course)

Learning a new CFD software takes time, even for quick learners. Moreover, as the modern engine design and analysis cycle continues to shrink, it is becoming even more challenging to take the time needed to get comfortable with a new CFD software. Let us help you quickly get up to speed with CONVERGE!

This single-day session is your chance to work one-on-one with a Convergent Science support engineer to set up a case of your choosing.

Please complete the following form, which asks for some information about your case and why working with a Convergent Science engineer will be beneficial. Space is limited and completing the form does not guarantee entry into this training session. Those selected for this training session will receive a confirmation email approximately one week before the session.

If your case contains confidential information, we can make arrangements for you and the Convergent Science engineer to work in a private room.'

Reducing emissions to enhance performance and meet regulations is an important topic for designers and manufacturers of internal combustion engines, gas turbines, and other systems. For IC engines, there are two primary areas of focus for this pursuit: reduction of engine-out emissions and engine aftertreatment.
In this course we will discuss CONVERGE’s emissions modeling options for soot, NOx, unburned hydrocarbons, and CO. We will look at CONVERGE’s acceleration strategies that make it feasible to use even detailed soot models (which includes gas-phase chemistry for its many sub-processes, such as formation via precursor-species, coagulation, and oxidation) in complex simulations, and we will discuss our recommendations for obtaining accurate emissions results. This session does not include hands-on CONVERGE Studio practice.
PREREQUISITES
Introduction to CONVERGE (or equivalent introductory CONVERGE training course)

CONVERGE features a variety of tools to perform simplified kinetics calculations and to manipulate and evaluate chemical kinetic mechanisms. These chemistry tools include zero- and one-dimensional calculators for estimating ignition delay and laminar flamespeed; table generation tools for the Flamelet Generated Manifold (FGM) model, Tabulated Laminar Flamespeed (TLF), and Tabulated Kinetics of Ignition (TKI); mechanism merge and reduction tool for combining and decreasing the size of mechanisms; a mechanism tuning tool to optimize reaction mechanisms; and a pathway flux analysis tool to visualize reaction pathways. Additionally CONVERGE Studio offers a surrogate blender tool for multi-component fuels. This workshop will discuss how to set up these tools in CONVERGE Studio and present strategies for effectively using them with CFD simulations. This session includes hands-on CONVERGE Studio practice.
PREREQUISITES
Introduction to CONVERGE (or equivalent introductory CONVERGE training course)

This workshop will focus on modeling batteries and electric motors in CONVERGE. We will discuss how to apply CONVERGE’s autonomous meshing and conjugate heat transfer model to simulate motor cooling with iron and copper losses and battery cooling with thermal runaway. In addition, we will cover how to leverage CONVERGE’s detailed chemistry solver to simulate battery vent gas ignition. To simulate meaningful durations of physical time, we will apply timescale management strategies to our conjugate heat transfer problems. In particular, we will discuss three example cases: an air-cooled electric bike battery pack, a liquid-cooled electric car battery pack, and an air-cooled battery electric vehicle motor. We will also discuss how to couple CONVERGE with JMAG Motor Design Code to calculate heat generation distributions associated with electromagnetic losses. This session does not include hands-on CONVERGE Studio practice.
PREREQUISITES
Introduction to CONVERGE (or equivalent introductory CONVERGE training course)

In this workshop we will discuss mapping CONVERGE CFD results to different surface files for uncoupled heat transfer analysis in third party software. We will discuss CONVERGE’s htc_map utility, including the methodology of cycle averaging, details of the mapping method, how the geometry is aligned for surfaces, and best practices for mapping. We will review an example of a heat transfer analysis and explain how to bring the spatial temperature boundary condition prediction back to CONVERGE. Additionally, we will briefly discuss the best practices for heat transfer prediction in CONVERGE CFD simulations. This session does not include hands-on CONVERGE Studio practice.
PREREQUISITES
Introduction to CONVERGE (or equivalent introductory CONVERGE training course)

CONVERGE’s autonomous meshing capabilities ensure that you can be entirely hands-off when it comes to meshing—CONVERGE will automatically create the mesh at runtime, dynamically adapt it throughout the simulation, and invoke Adaptive Mesh Refinement to maximize both accuracy and computational efficiency. Sometimes, however, you may want your simulation to include a non-Cartesian local mesh (for example, along the boundary of an airfoil or around a spray cone), and CONVERGE’s inlaid meshing feature gives you this option. In this training you will learn how to set up a case that contains a non-Cartesian boundary layer or a spray-aligned conical mesh. This session includes hands-on CONVERGE Studio practice.
PREREQUISITES
Introduction to CONVERGE (or equivalent introductory CONVERGE training course)

Learning a new CFD software takes time, even for quick learners. Moreover, as the modern engine design and analysis cycle continues to shrink, it is becoming even more challenging to take the time needed to get comfortable with a new CFD software. Let us help you quickly get up to speed with CONVERGE!

This single-day session is your chance to work one-on-one with a Convergent Science support engineer to set up a case of your choosing.

Please complete the following form, which asks for some information about your case and why working with a Convergent Science engineer will be beneficial. Space is limited and completing the form does not guarantee entry into this training session. Those selected for this training session will receive a confirmation email approximately one week before the session.

If your case contains confidential information, we can make arrangements for you and the Convergent Science engineer to work in a private room.'

CONVERGE contains several options for three-dimensional combustion modeling in combustion devices such as internal combustion engines, gas turbine combustors, and industrial burners. In this workshop, we will discuss several combustion models that can be used to simulate premixed combustion: direct chemistry approach (SAGE), G-Equation, Extended Coherent Flame Model (ECFM), and Flamelet Generated Manifold (FGM). This workshop will focus on the underlying theory and the advantages and disadvantages of each combustion model, as well as how these models are coupled with the CFD solver in CONVERGE. We will give recommendations and best practices, and we will show published CONVERGE results for premixed combustion modeling in several types of engines. This session does not include hands-on CONVERGE Studio practice.
PREREQUISITES
Introduction to CONVERGE (or equivalent introductory CONVERGE training course)

CONVERGE features a sealing tool, which will dynamically eliminate gaps between parts that are moving relative to one another. The sealing process is dynamic in that the surface enclosing the computational domain is recreated at each time-step based on the boundary motion and the seal definitions, and thus this tool can be applied to a variety of cases, including two-stroke engines, Wankel engines, components connected by pins and bearings, pumps, and rotating machinery. We will give an overview of the sealing process and explain the geometric approach used to recreate the sealed surface from the boundaries and seal definitions. We will discuss best practices for surface preparation and case setup and demonstrate examples of applying seals to a check valve, a two-stroke engine, a Wankel engine, crankcase components, a gerotor pump, and a supercharger. This session does not include hands-on CONVERGE Studio practice. Sealing is under development in CONVERGE 3.0, so this session will use CONVERGE 2.4.
PREREQUISITES
Introduction to CONVERGE (or equivalent introductory CONVERGE training course)

CONVERGE includes state-of-the-art models for simulating liquid spray phenomena. In this workshop, we will describe the models in CONVERGE for liquid breakup, collision and coalescence, vaporization, drag, turbulent dispersion, and drop/wall interaction. In particular, we will discuss numerical mesh and parcel number settings for achieving grid convergence for RANS and LES simulations. In addition, we will discuss VOF-spray one-way coupling and ELSA capabilities in CONVERGE. This session does not include hands-on CONVERGE Studio practice.
PREREQUISITES
Introduction to CONVERGE (or equivalent introductory CONVERGE training course)

CONVERGE’s steady-state solver can be used for a host of applications, including flowbench, turbocharger, gas turbine, and aftertreatment simulations. This solver can be used with other CONVERGE features including multiple reference frames, combustion, conjugate heat transfer, and volume of fluid modeling. In this workshop we will discuss the theoretical background of this solver and how to set up a variety of steady-state cases. This session includes hands-on CONVERGE Studio practice.
PREREQUISITES
Introduction to CONVERGE (or equivalent introductory CONVERGE training course)

Tuesday, September 20

This workshop will focus on the application of CONVERGE to gas turbine combustion and combustor analysis. We will review how to set up liquid and gaseous fuels for gas turbines and discuss the use of both the SAGE detailed chemistry solver and the Flamelet Generated Manifold model for gas turbine models. In addition, we will discuss wall temperature predictions with conjugate heat transfer; transient RANS and LES simulations and steady-state analysis in reacting and non-reacting cases; gas turbine ignition at high altitude, lean blow out, and extinction; flashback; and emissions analysis for NOx, CO, and soot. This session includes hands-on CONVERGE Studio practice.
PREREQUISITES
Introduction to CONVERGE (or equivalent introductory CONVERGE training course)

This workshop will focus on model optimization in CONVERGE, including Genetic Algorithm (GA) optimization and Design of Experiments model interrogation. We will discuss different types of optimization and the details of the GA methodology, and we will discuss how to set up the utility, select parameters, and run an optimization. Finally, we will discuss the best practices of optimization (e.g., model setup, parameter and range selection, and search space considerations) and advanced applications such as geometry modification. This session does not include hands-on CONVERGE Studio practice.
PREREQUISITES
Introduction to CONVERGE (or equivalent introductory CONVERGE training course)

CONVERGE includes a full spectrum of methodologies, from RANS to LES, to model turbulence. In this workshop, we will discuss the theory behind different methodologies and different turbulence models, as well as recommendations for and limitations of each model. In addition, we will present the results of some published RANS and LES simulations. Finally, we will describe Detached Eddy Simulation, a hybrid RANS/LES model, and discuss the scenarios in which it is appropriate to use. This session does not include hands-on CONVERGE Studio practice.
PREREQUISITES
Introduction to CONVERGE (or equivalent introductory CONVERGE training course)

Learning a new CFD software takes time, even for quick learners. Moreover, as the modern engine design and analysis cycle continues to shrink, it is becoming even more challenging to take the time needed to get comfortable with a new CFD software. Let us help you quickly get up to speed with CONVERGE!

This single-day session is your chance to work one-on-one with a Convergent Science support engineer to set up a case of your choosing.

Please complete the following form, which asks for some information about your case and why working with a Convergent Science engineer will be beneficial. Space is limited and completing the form does not guarantee entry into this training session. Those selected for this training session will receive a confirmation email approximately one week before the session.

If your case contains confidential information, we can make arrangements for you and the Convergent Science engineer to work in a private room.'

CONVERGE Studio is not just for pre-processing! There are several powerful post-processing tools in CONVERGE Studio’s Line Plotting and Post-Processing 3D modules. This workshop will discuss (1) how to generate and customize plots and create reports, (2) how to combine output files from multiple restarts, (3) how to use the Fast Fourier Transform calculator to transform the signal between the time and frequency domains and to complete engine knock analysis, (4) how to use the Apparent Heat Release Rate calculator to calculate the apparent heat release from a pressure signal, (5) how to use the Engine Performance calculator to calculate the work and indicated mean effective pressure (IMEP) from cylinder pressure, and (6) how to convert binary output files for 3D visualization. This session includes hands-on CONVERGE Studio practice.
PREREQUISITES
Introduction to CONVERGE (or equivalent introductory CONVERGE training course)

This course offers a hands-on introduction to CONVERGE for compressor and pump modeling. Although compressors and pumps can feature significantly different geometries and motion types, all compressor and pump simulations benefit from CONVERGE’s autonomous meshing capabilities. In addition, many benefit from CONVERGE's fluid-structure interaction modeling, multiple reference frame approach, advanced fluid property models, and other features. We will examine a variety of example cases for both positive-displacement and dynamic devices, including a scroll compressor, a screw compressor, a single channel pump, and a centrifugal fan.
PREREQUISITES
Introduction to CONVERGE (or equivalent introductory CONVERGE training course)

CONVERGE and GT-SUITE can be coupled in a variety of ways. This workshop will discuss how to perform coupled 1D-3D modeling, in which CONVERGE performs a 3D simulation while GT-SUITE performs a 1D simulation. The information at the interfaces is exchanged or mapped between the two programs. This coupling approach allows you to select the appropriate numerical technique for the physics you wish to simulate. Additionally, we will discuss the differences between the full version of CONVERGE and GT-CONVERGE, a specialized version of the software embedded in GT-SUITE, and explore the applications for which each program is suited. This session does not include hands-on CONVERGE Studio practice.
PREREQUISITES
Introduction to CONVERGE (or equivalent introductory CONVERGE training course)

CONVERGE contains several options for three-dimensional combustion modeling in combustion devices such as internal combustion engines, gas turbine combustors, and industrial burners. In this workshop, we will discuss several combustion models that can be used to simulate diffusion-controlled, non-premixed combustion: direct chemistry approach (SAGE), 3-Zone Extended Coherent Flame Model (ECFM3Z), and Representative Interactive Flamelet (RIF). This workshop will focus on the underlying theory and the advantages and disadvantages of each combustion model, as well as how these models are coupled with the CFD solver in CONVERGE. We will give recommendations and best practices, and we will show published CONVERGE results for non-premixed combustion modeling in several types of engines. This session does not include hands-on CONVERGE Studio practice.
PREREQUISITES
Introduction to CONVERGE (or equivalent introductory CONVERGE training course)

Radiative energy transfer is important in high temperature simulations that include gases and surfaces that emit, absorb, and scatter radiative energy. In this workshop we will discuss the P1 Spherical Harmonics Method and the Discrete Ordinates Finite Volume Method, the different radiation submodels, and how to model radiative energy transfer in CONVERGE simulations. We will set up example cases that have thermal radiation in flows with and without combustion.
PREREQUISITES
Introduction to CONVERGE (or equivalent introductory CONVERGE training course)

In this workshop we will explore the extensive world of user-defined functions (UDFs), which can be used to adjust existing models, implement new models, direct CONVERGE to calculate additional quantities, initialize or reinitialize physical variables, and more. We will discuss the different types of UDFs that CONVERGE supports, the process to set up a UDF, and the UDF structure. Finally, we will go through several examples demonstrating how to effectively use UDFs in CONVERGE. *This session does not include hands-on CONVERGE practice.
PREREQUISITES
Introduction to CONVERGE (or equivalent introductory CONVERGE training course)

Volume of fluid (VOF) methods are some of the most popular numerical techniques for locating and tracking moving and deforming interfaces between fluids in multi-phase flow simulations. In this workshop we will discuss the numerical details of the various VOF options in CONVERGE and go through some example cases and validation calculations. One of the VOF methods in CONVERGE is based on the species mass fraction equation and is appropriate for miscible or compressible multiphase flow calculations. CONVERGE offers an option for VOF-spray one-way coupling. In this option, CONVERGE collects detailed fluid flow information near the nozzle exit during a VOF simulation and then uses this information to inject parcels for Lagrangian spray calculations. Another VOF method, which solves for the void fraction directly, is available in CONVERGE as two separate schemes: Piecewise Linear Interface Calculation (PLIC) and High Resolution Interface Capturing (HRIC). These schemes have been tested on a range of problems including a rising bubble, a breaking dam, and an impinging jet.. Each test case illustrates the ability of the VFS method to capture the interfaces sharply. This session includes hands-on CONVERGE Studio practice.
PREREQUISITES
Introduction to CONVERGE (or equivalent introductory CONVERGE training course)

In this workshop we will discuss timely and popular topics in internal combustion (IC) engine modeling and some of the unique features in CONVERGE that support accurate and efficient engine simulations. We will discuss how to leverage CONVERGE’s Adaptive Mesh Refinement and its coupled flow and detailed chemistry solvers to capture autoignition and propagating pressure waves to simulate engine knock. Furthermore, we will address how CONVERGE’s cell-based load balancing, excellent scalability, and variety of acceleration strategies lend themselves to running both multi-cycle simulations to understand cycle-to-cycle variation and multi-cylinder simulations to analyze cylinder-to-cylinder variation. Finally, we will discuss how to predict cylinder pressure with CONVERGE and talk about what to do if your predicted cylinder quantities do not match the measured data, including how to assess the accuracy of your input parameters. This session includes hands-on CONVERGE Studio practice.
PREREQUISITES
Introduction to CONVERGE (or equivalent introductory CONVERGE training course)

Learning a new CFD software takes time, even for quick learners. Moreover, as the modern engine design and analysis cycle continues to shrink, it is becoming even more challenging to take the time needed to get comfortable with a new CFD software. Let us help you quickly get up to speed with CONVERGE!

This single-day session is your chance to work one-on-one with a Convergent Science support engineer to set up a case of your choosing.

Please complete the following form, which asks for some information about your case and why working with a Convergent Science engineer will be beneficial. Space is limited and completing the form does not guarantee entry into this training session. Those selected for this training session will receive a confirmation email approximately one week before the session.

If your case contains confidential information, we can make arrangements for you and the Convergent Science engineer to work in a private room.'

Learn about our latest major release! This course offers an introduction to some of the exciting new features and enhancements in CONVERGE 3.1.
PREREQUISITES
Introduction to CONVERGE (or equivalent introductory CONVERGE training course)